A hamstring injury, or a pulled hamstring as it is sometimes called, is a tear in one or more of the hamstrings muscles. Strictly speaking there are three hamstring muscles (Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus and Biceps Femoris) which are known as the hamstring muscle group. The role of the hamstring muscles is to bend (flex) the knee and to move the thigh backwards at the hip (extend the hip).
Some Causes of a Hamstring Injury:
Mild to severe hamstring strains are extremely common in high velocity sports, such as sprinting, but also happen in a variety of other sports that involve sprinting activities, such as football, rugby, and GAA. All muscle strains are graded as 1, 2 or 3 depending on their severity. A grade 1 tear consists of minor tears within the muscle. A grade 2 is a partial tear in the muscle and grade 3 is a severe or complete rupture of the muscle. It is vitally important that treatment for a pulled hamstring starts immediately following injury. The most important phase for treatment is the first 48 hours post-injury.
As stated above, treatment within the first 48 hours post-injury is very important to curb the pain and damage as soon as possible. Standard guidelines suggest following the R.I.C.E. protocol: Rest (i.e. immediately after an injury and cease the aggravating task), Ice (use a cold compress and or ice on the affected area), Compress (use a compression bandage or similar) and Elevate the affected part (ideally above the heart). It is also recommended to maintain movement where possible, and not painful, of the affected limb. If after 48 hours your symptoms persist, it is advisable to seek professional advice, either from us, from your GP or appropriate medical professional.
What we can do for you:
PhysioCare has seen many a sports injury patient over the years with hamstring strains and injuries being a common condition that we treat. Understanding not only the nature of the injury, but also of the lifestyle of the patient; our Chartered Physiotherapists are sure to keep your active lifestyle in mind during the course of treatment. With this, your treatment will be aimed to not only help you get and feel better, but also to rebuild and strengthen the affected areas with the aim of returning the hamstring to normal function. Non-invasive medical technologies such as laser and ultrasound can be used to reach any muscles that may also have been damaged (however slightly) when the hamstring stretch occurred. Prescribed home exercises will also be given to you so that you can continue your active rehabilitation at home.