The term “shin splints” refers to pain along the shinbone (tibia) — the large bone in the front of your lower leg. The pain is caused by an overload on the shinbone and the connective tissues that attach your muscles to the bone.
Specifically, the pain associated with shin splints is a result of fatigue and trauma to the muscle’s tendons where they attach themselves to the tibia. In an effort to keep the foot, ankle and lower leg stable, the muscles exert a great force on the tibia. This excessive force can result in the tendons being partially torn away from the bone.
While there are many causes of shin splints, they can all be categorized into two main groups. Overload (or training errors), and Biomechanical Inefficiencies.
With Overload exercising on hard surfaces (i.e.concrete) and uneven ground are common reasons for pain and discomfort. Beginning an exercise program after a long lay-off period, increasing exercise intensity or duration too quickly, and exercising in worn out or ill fitting shoes are also common reasons for pain.
Biomechanical inefficiencies refers to the make-up of the feet. Some people are prone to ‘flat feet’ which can cause pain and discomfort in the lower leg, especially after exercising.
For More information on Flat Feet click here.
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